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Page Background

Background

of Sustainable

Development Goals

in Zambia

During the implementa-

tion of MillenniumDevelop-

ment Goal (MDG), Zambia

managed to achieve its goals

on universal primary edu-

cation. By 2015, the GER was

over a 100 percent (at 112 per-

cent) while NER figure stood

at 89 percent. Latest statisti-

cal bulletin suggests even

higher percentages. Gender

Parity issue has also been

addressed at primary with

girls even slightly outnum-

bering boys (FPI=1.01).

In 2015 the global world

urgently shifted the world

focus to a more sustainable

pathway. This was done by

replacing the Millennium

Development Goals (MDGs),

with Sustainable Develop-

ment Goals (SDGs) with the

aim of tackling a whole

range of issues, from gender

inequality improvement of

access to health and educa-

tion, and build strong insti-

tutions and partnerships to

climate change with a total

of 17 goals and 169 targets.

The objective was to pro-

duce a set of universal goals

that meet the urgent envi-

ronmental, political and eco-

nomic challenges facing our

world. Among the 17 SDGS

is the SDG4. The Sustainable

Development Goal (SDG) 4

is an ambitious and specific

goal to drive the education

development agenda from

2016 – 2030 and a means

through which all the sev-

enteen (17) SDGs will be

achieved.

Sustainable

Development Goal 4

in Zambia

To ensure adequate atten-

tion to the different the-

matic areas of education,

SDG4 has been broken down

into seven targets and three

means of implementation.

The targets and themeans of

implementation are crafted

in such away that all the cri-

tical areas of education, both

emerging and the unfin-

ished Education for All (EFA)

business could be addressed

in some way through the

global education agenda.

Accordingly, Zambia

has domesticated the SDG 4

through the 7

th

National

Development Plan, the Edu-

cation and Skills Sector Plan,

Revised National Education

Policy and Re entry policy,

ECE policy, Skill Development

Policy among many other

education sector policies.

The 7NDP recognises that

the education sector’s contri-

bution is central to enhanc-

ing human development,

and contributes significan-

tly to the other four main

outcomes of the 7NDP: (i)

reducing developmental ine-

qualities, (ii) economic diver-

sification and job creation,

(iii) poverty and vulnerabil-

ity reduction, and (iv) creat-

ing a conducive governance

environment for a diversi-

fied economy.

In order to ensure that

the plan addresses all the

programme commitments

and responsibilities of the

education sector, the Min-

istries of General and Higher

Education developed the

Education and Skills Sector

Plan (ESSP). The ESSP results

framework clearly shows

how it contributes to the 7

NDP and the global educa-

tion represented by SDG 4.

Implementation of Global

Indicators in Zambia

Zambia has been imple-

menting the global indica-

tors as demonstrated in the

table 1.

Z AMB I A AND UN E S C O

12

ZAMBIA NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR UNESCO

© Ischool Zambia